Collapse of Silicon Valley Bank (SVB) image


Commercial bank Silicon Valley Bank (SVB) had its main offices in Santa Clara, California. When the fall of silicon valley bank news came out on March 10, 2023, it was the 16th-largest bank in the US. It belonged to SVB Financial Group, a holding organisation for banks. It had a state charter, was governed by the California Department of Financial Protection and Innovation (DFPI), and belonged to the Federal Reserve System. The bank had locations in 13 different nations and areas.

The collapse of Silicon Valley Bank (SVB) has sent shockwaves throughout the global startup community. The bank, which was once a leading lender to technology startups in the United States and Europe, recently announced its sale to HSBC for a mere Euro 1. This news has left many wondering what led to the fall of silicon valley bank once-prominent institution and how it will impact the startup ecosystem. In this article, we will explore the reasons behind the collapse of Silicon Valley Bank, delve into the details of its acquisition by HSBC, and examine how startups in India and venture capitalists around the world are being affected by these developments.

The Silicon Valley Bank Collapse

The Silicon Valley Bank (SVB) was a well-known and respected financial institution in the tech industry. It provided banking services to startups, venture capitalists, and other technology companies in the United States and around the world.

In terms of assets, Silicon Valley Bank (SVB)'s failure was the second-biggest in American history, after Washington Mutual, and the greatest bank failure since the financial crisis of 2007–2008. As of March 11, 2023, the operations of SVB's Chinese joint venture, whose chairman also serves as the head of Shanghai Pudong Development Bank, were deemed "sound". The collapse of the Silicon Valley Bank (SVB) and its branch in the United Kingdom as a result of the repercussions from the parent bank was announced to be affecting British tech firms, and the UK government stated that they were working on a lifeline for them.

However, in 2020, Silicon Valley Bank (SVB)  UK collapsed, which sent shockwaves throughout the industry. The fall of Silicon Valley Bank (SVB)  UK was unexpected and left many people wondering what went wrong. The bank had been operating for over a decade and had built a reputation for being a reliable partner for startups and VCs. However, it seems that the bank had taken on too much risk and was unable to manage its finances effectively. As a result, it was forced to shut down its operations in the UK. The collapse of SVB UK has had significant implications for startups in India and venture capitalists around the world. Many Indian startups relied on Silicon Valley Bank (SVB)   UK for funding and banking services, which has now been disrupted. Additionally, VCs who had invested in these startups are also impacted as they may have lost access to their funds. Overall, the collapse of Silicon Valley Bank (SVB)   UK is a reminder that even established financial institutions can fail if they take on too much risk or mismanage their finances. The impact of this Silicon Valley Bank (SVB) will be felt by many in the tech industry for years to come.

The Purchase of SVB UK by HSBC

In the aftermath of the collapse of Silicon Valley Bank (SVB), HSBC stepped in to purchase SVB UK for Euro 1. This acquisition was a strategic move by HSBC to expand its presence in the technology sector and gain access to Silicon Valley Bank (SVB)  UK's client base. With this acquisition, HSBC aimed to tap into the growing demand for banking services among startups and tech companies. The purchase of Silicon Valley Bank (SVB)  UK by HSBC has been seen as a positive development for the startup ecosystem in the UK. It has provided stability to SVB UK's clients and ensured that they continue to have access to banking services. Additionally, it has opened up new opportunities for startups and tech companies looking for funding and support. However, there are concerns about how this acquisition will impact Silicon Valley Bank (SVB)  UK's culture and operations. Many fear that HSBC's corporate structure may stifle innovation and creativity within SVB UK. Only time will tell how this acquisition will play out, but one thing is certain - it marks a significant shift in the landscape of banking services available to startups and tech companies in the UK.

The Reasons for the Collapse

The collapse of Silicon Valley Bank (SVB) was a major shock to the startup community. The bank had been a key player in providing financial services to startups and venture capitalists, especially in the United States. However, the bank's expansion into Europe proved to be its undoing. One of the main reasons for the Silicon Valley Bank (SVB) 's collapse was its overreliance on technology startups. While these companies were seen as high-growth and potentially lucrative investments, they were also highly risky. Many of them failed to generate sufficient revenue or profits, leaving Silicon Valley Bank (SVB)  with significant losses. Another factor that contributed to SVB's downfall was its aggressive lending practices. The bank had lent heavily to startups without proper due diligence or risk management procedures in place. This led to a high number of defaults and bad loans, which ultimately proved too much for the bank to handle. Overall, SVB's collapse serves as a cautionary tale for both startups and financial institutions alike. It highlights the importance of responsible lending practices and diversification in investment portfolios.

After an increase in interest rates and a significant slowdown in the growth of the tech sector, in which the institution's liabilities were disproportionately concentrated, Silicon Valley Bank (SVB)  started to suffer severe losses in 2022. Mark-to-market accounting unrealized losses on assets held to maturity at SVB as of December 31, 2022, exceeded $15 billion. The bank failed in early March 2023 as a result of a number of causes, including bad management risk and a bank run organised by investors in the tech sector.

How Startups in India are Impacted?

The collapse of Silicon Valley Bank (SVB) has had a ripple effect on startups in India. Silicon Valley Bank (SVB) was known for its focus on startups and venture capital firms, providing them with banking services and financing solutions. With the bank's collapse, many Indian startups have lost a valuable partner that understood their unique needs. Startups in India rely heavily on funding from venture capitalists, and SVB was one of the key players in this ecosystem. The bank's exit has created a void that is yet to be filled by other financial institutions. This has made it harder for Indian startups to secure funding, which is critical for their growth and success. Moreover, Silicon Valley Bank (SVB) had established itself as a trusted advisor to many Indian startups, helping them navigate complex financial situations and providing them with access to global markets. The loss of this expertise has left many startups struggling to find alternative sources of guidance and support. Overall, the fall of Silicon Valley Bank (SVB) has been a setback for the Indian startup ecosystem. However, it has also highlighted the need for a more robust financial infrastructure that can support the growth of these companies. As India continues to emerge as a hub for innovation and entrepreneurship, it is crucial that policymakers take steps to ensure that startups have access to the resources they need to thrive.

According to Tracxn statistics, Silicon Valley Bank (SVB)  has invested in about 21 Indian businesses, but the precise value of the investment is unknown. The Silicon Valley Bank (SVB)  also provided funding to Bluestone, Carwale, and Loyalty Rewardz, among other firms. Also, according to Tracxn data, SVB stopped making sizable investments in Indian firms after 2011. Paytm, Paytm Mall, and One97 Communications are on the Tracxn list.

Vijay Shekhar Sharma, the creator of Paytm, claims that Silicon Valley Bank (SVB) has totally withdrawn its investment in the business despite having just put up $1.7 million and earning considerable profits. Sharma has verified that SVB is currently not a Paytm shareholder.

How Venture Capitals are Impacted?

Venture capitalists are one of the most significant stakeholders in the startup ecosystem. They invest in startups with high growth potential and provide them with the necessary capital to scale up their operations. The fall of Silicon Valley Bank has had a severe impact on venture capitalists who had invested in startups through the bank. Many venture capitalists had invested in startups that were banking with Silicon Valley Bank (SVB). With the bank's collapse, these investments have become uncertain, and there is a risk of losing their entire investment. This has led to a loss of confidence among venture capitalists, who are now hesitant to invest in startups that are banking with other banks. Furthermore, many venture capitalists had also used SVB as a source of debt financing for their portfolio companies. With the bank's collapse, they have lost access to this source of funding, which has made it difficult for them to support their portfolio companies growth plans. Overall, the collapse of Silicon Valley Bank has disrupted the startup ecosystem and created uncertainty for venture capitalists who play a crucial role in supporting innovation and entrepreneurship.


In conclusion, the collapse of Silicon Valley Bank and its subsequent purchase by HSBC for Euro 1 has sent shockwaves through the startup community in India and venture capital firms worldwide. The reasons for the collapse are varied, but it is clear that the bank's over-reliance on a few key clients and its lack of diversification played a significant role. The impact on startups in India has been significant, with many struggling to secure funding as a result of the bank's collapse. Similarly, venture capitalists have been forced to reassess their investment strategies and seek out new sources of funding. While the future remains uncertain, it is clear that this event will have far-reaching consequences for years to come.